Although Cocker Spaniels have a powerful drive to work, their hunting instincts should not usually put to the take a look at by hunters as of late, although they can be skilled to flush and retrieve.
Cocker Spaniels may compete in agility, obedience, and flyball competitions. Nonetheless, the first purpose of this warm, participating breed is to supply mild companionship.
The Cocker Spaniel averages 14 to 16 inches (34 to 41 centimeters) in peak, and weighs about 25 to 30 kilos (eleven to 14 kilometers).
History of Breed
Cocker Spaniels have been developed within the United States in the late 1800s from early imports of the English Cocker Spaniel, a relative whose look they resemble quite closely. There is some hypothesis that breeding may have included crosses with smaller toy spaniels as well.
American hunters wished a barely smaller canine that will be suitable for hunting game and other small birds, and the American Cocker Spaniel is the smallest of the searching dogs.
The title “Cocker” comes from the word “woodcock,” which is a kind of recreation fowl that the breed was notably good at hunting. The American Kennel Club (AKC) didn’t make a distinction between the American and English versions of the Cocker Spaniel till 1935. Reputation of the American breed elevated thereafter.
The American Cocker Spaniel was recognized by the English Kennel Membership in 1968. Other nations, including those of Central and South America and Japan, have developed an appreciation for the breed as well.
Color and Coat
This dog breed is accessible in a wide range of stable colors and coloration combinations. The American Cocker Spaniel may be a strong black, buff, crimson, or chocolate; black and tan, black crimson, or chocolate with white; or tri-color.
They are double-coated. The undercoat is dense, and the outer coat is medium-lengthy, slightly wavy, and silky in texture. Cocker Spaniels characteristic feathering on the ears, chest, underside, and legs.
Personality and Temperament
Cocker Spaniels are energetic, curious, playful, and, sometimes, stubborn, though general they’ve a very sunny disposition. The breed is usually referred to as “the merry Cocker.” Cocker Spaniels love to be within the firm of people and have a robust desire to please their masters.
These canines can be timid, so early socialization to overcome this tendency is recommended. While on no account aggressive, some are likely to bark so much which may be useful in alerting their house owners to something that could be amiss, however they shouldn’t be counted on to be dependable watchdogs.
Cocker Spaniels are intelligent and fairly straightforward to coach, although housebreaking could take a bit of more effort and time than other types of training. They’re delicate souls, so coaching should be mild and by no means harsh.Cocker Spaniels need a average quantity of train and daily walks.
Cocker Spaniels are typically good with kids, but one method to verify for this characteristic is to take a look at the pup’s parents. They shouldn’t be timid or snappy. They’re sometimes pleasant towards other household pets.
The Cocker Spaniel is an indoor canine, but does greatest in a suburban or rural environment. They are not only good canine for households, however they make excellent companions for the aged as nicely, as long as someone is available to walk them.
Cocker Spaniels do greatest with loving, sensitive homeowners, who don’t thoughts accommodating their grooming needs.
Cocker Spaniels are compact, sturdy, and sq. in shape. The highest of the pinnacle is rounded with a clearly outlined stop. The higher lip hangs right down to cowl the lower jaw, giving it a square appearance, and the muzzle is deep and broad. The nose is black or brown.
The enamel should be sturdy and meet in a scissors bite. The eyes are darkish brown and almond-formed, and are highlighted by thick eyebrows. The eyes have a smooth and interesting expression. The drop ears are long and are lined in long, feathery hair, that could be a problem to maintain tidy. The tail is normally docked.
Typical Health Concerns
Unfortunately, the breed might undergo from a spread of medical issues, including epilepsy, autoimmune diseases, skin situations, and cataracts.
Unfortunately, some unscrupulous breeders and puppy mills have been identified to provide canine with severe behavioral issues, similar to nervousness and excessive wariness, which may be problematic for the households who undertake them, so additional care ought to be taken in choosing a breeder.
Caring for the coat of the Cocker Spaniel is a time-consuming task. If the dog just isn’t supposed for the show ring, the easiest various is to clip the coat short.
If unclipped, it have to be brushed or combed not less than three times per week, and preferably daily, at home to stop particles from changing into entangled in the canine’s long hair, and professional clipping and scissoring each two to a few months is really useful as well.
The Cocker Spaniel ought to be bathed as needed, and the ears should be cleaned frequently. Shedding is moderate.
Country of Origin
The American Cocker Spaniel originated in the United States.
Average Life Span
The life expectancy of the Cocker Spaniel is 10 to 14 years.
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