Boston Terriers - Breed Information
Boston Terriers always appears to be ready for the most formal of occasions with what appears to be tuxedo attire. Their personality likewise resembles that of the genteel, as they tend to be very well mannered.
With an expression of kindness in its eyes, the Boston Terrier can easily worm its way into the hearts of adults and children alike.
Boston Terriers are 10 to 17 inches (25 to 43 centimeters) in height and range in weight from 11 to 25 pounds (5 to 11 kilograms).
History of Breed
The Boston Terrier was one of the first breeds to be created in the United States. Its exact origin is unknown, but it appears to be a downsized version of the bull and terrier types of dogs that were very popular in early America.
Some claim that the breed descended from the crossing of an English bulldog with a white English terrier, while others assert that it descended from the Pit Bull, the Boxer, the Bull Terrier, the French Bulldog or the English Bulldog.
Needless to say, none of these theories is a known fact. What is known is that the breed was developed in the late 1800s, and it initially achieved popularity in Boston, Massachusetts.
Just as there are many theories as to the dog’s origination, it has been known by many names, including the “round-headed bull,” the “round-headed terrier,” the “Boston bull,” and even “bullet-head.” Fanciers of the dog named it the American Bull Terrier and formed a club by that name in 1889.
The name was not well received, however, and the breed was subsequently renamed after what is considered to be its birthplace, Boston. The name of “Boston Terrier” has since stuck, and was recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC) in 1893.
Color and Coat
The Boston Terrier has a short, smooth, fine-textured coat. The dog can be found in brindle, seal, or black and white colorings, but the latter is perhaps the most notable, for giving the dog the appearance of wearing a tuxedo.
Personality and Temperament
The Boston Terrier is outgoing and knows no enemies. This breed tends to trust everyone unconditionally, and its friendly nature is truly endearing. Boston Terriers are lively, even-tempered, and alert. Though certainly not inclined to attack an intruder, the Boston Terrier will give notice by barking, and the dog’s voice is not yappy.
Boston Terriers are eager and quick to learn, and thus are easily trained, in spite of the fact that they can show a determined and independent side at times. The breed is very sensitive to tone of voice, and responds well to positive reinforcement.
Boston Terriers need daily exercise, and enjoy a short walk, a romp in the yard, or an engaging game or two. Because of their short faces, however, they may experience breathing difficulties if play is too overtaxing or prolonged, so caution should be exercised.
These dogs are very good with children. They also tend to get along well with other household pets, though they may exhibit some aggression toward strange dogs. Males, in particular, have a tendency to display dominance.
Boston Terriers are not suitable to extreme climates. They appreciate a sweater in winter, and love to snuggle under covers for warmth. Due to their short muzzles, they may wheeze or snore when they sleep.
They can thrive in any environment, be it city, suburban, or rural. They welcome and need interaction with people. In addition to being good family dogs, they make excellent companions for the elderly or invalids.
Boston Terriers are compact and muscular dogs. Their bodies are short and square, with sloping shoulders and a short back. They have square skulls and a short, wide muzzle that is roughly equal to one-third the length of the skull.
Their noses are black. They have broad, square jaws with short teeth that should meet in an even or undershot bite. Their eyes are large, round, and dark, and are set far apart. The ears are small and can be cropped to stand erect, or left natural. Their tails are tapered, and may be either straight, or corkscrewed.
Typical Health Concerns
Some of the medical problems that may plague Boston Terriers include brachycephalic syndrome, luxating patellas, hypothyroidism, epilepsy, heart anomalies, deafness, cataracts or eye injuries, and mange.
Boston Terriers are low-maintenance when it comes to their grooming needs, due to their short, smooth coats. An occasional firm-bristled brushing or combing is nearly all that is required.
It’s a good idea to wipe their faces with a damp cloth on a daily basis. Because of the prominence of the eyes, care should be taken when cleaning them. The ears should be checked periodically for ticks and grass seeds.
Country of Origin
The Boston Terrier originated in the United States.
Average Life Span
The life expectancy of the Boston Terrier is 10 to 14 years.